Chemically treating and balancing your pool and spa water is one of the most important aspects of being a pool and spa owner. Maintaining proper balance ensures that the bathers and swimmers in your pool or spa are being protected from bacteria, microorganisms, pathogens, and protozoa that can potentially cause harm to those that are using the pool or spa area. Below is a list of the elements of water that should be tested regularly.
Free Available Chlorine - Free available chlorine represents the amount of chlorine that is capable of sanitizing.
Total Available Chlorine - Total available chlorine represents the combined amounts of free available chlorine and combined available chlorine.
pH - PH is the measure of how acidic or basic the water is.
Alkalinity - Total alkalinity is the buffer for the resistance to change for the pH in the water.
Calcium Hardness - Calcium hardness is the amount of calcium that is in the water. Too high or low levels can lead to adverse effects.
Cyanuric Acid - Cyanuric Acid often referred to as conditioner or stabilizer, is a chlorine protectant, designed to protect the chlorine molecules in your pool from the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays. To put it simply, cyanuric acid acts as a sunscreen for your chlorine.
Iron - Iron is an element commonly found in fertilizers. Having too high of an iron level can cause staining and severe discoloration of surfaces in the pool.
Copper - Copper is an element commonly found in certain algaecides and heat exchangers. When copper is present in the water, it makes the non-living organic material in the water more susceptible to chlorine sanitization. Having too high of a copper level can cause staining and severe discoloration of surfaces in the pool.
Phosphates - Phosphates are a nutrient source for algae. Maintaining a low phosphate level ensures a low probability of algae blooms.
Total Dissolved Solids - Total dissolved solids refers to the measure of the amount of chemical and other outside variables dissolved in the water.
As long as the above elements are kept in balance and the water is appropriately filtered and circulated, the water should stay healthy and beautiful. To test the above elements you can use either test strips, a droplet reagent kit, or a digital water testing device. Once the water is tested, it’s important to take note where the water balance needs to be adjusted and then use the correct chemicals to make that adjustment. Below is a brief description of the main chemicals used to treat pool water.
Chlorine: Chlorine tablets are designed to maintain chlorine residual for proper sanitization of the water. Comes in 3” and 1” tablet sizes for a variety of applications.
Shock: There are three types of shock that we have available to treat and maintain the chlorine sanitizing level in pools and spas.
Bromine - Bromine is an alternative sanitizer used in spas and hot tubs. Bromine doesn’t require stabilization which means it's better suited for hot and warm water environments.
Water Balancers - Used to raise and lower pH, Alkalinity, Calcium Hardness, and Cyanuric Acid.
Natural Chemistry - Provides a wide range of products from phosphate removers, enzymes, sequestering agents, chelating agents, and many more. Some of the more popular products include pool perfect + phosfree, phosphene, metal-free, and instant conditioner.
Alternative Sanitizers - There are other alternatives available for sanitizing the water in pools and spas. UV or UltraViolet and mineral sanitizing systems are effective at sanitizing the water while reducing the amount of chlorine that is normally required.
Specialty - Specialty chemicals include clarifiers, algaecide.
Algaecide - Designed to make algae more susceptible for chlorine to sanitize it out of the water.
Chemical Kits - Designed to open and close pools and spas of various volumes of water easily.
Just remember, the best way to start balancing your pool or spa water is with a water test. The water test will provide the information needed to balance the water and guide you in the process of water treatment. Multiple water tests may be needed for a single treatment.